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Northern Illinois University
College of Law
David C. Shapiro Memorial Law Library

Racial and Social Justice: American Slavery & Segregation

This Guide presents resources available to NIU College of Law students, faculty, administration and staff to help foster a legal profession dedicated to upholding racial justice.

Legal Slavery and Segregation

"No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due." U.S. Const. art. III, § 2, cl. 3, repealed by U.S. Const. amend. XIII.

"I appear before you this evening as a thief and a robber.  I stole this head, these limbs, this body from my master and ran off with them." Frederick Douglass

"The initial response to [the abolition of slavery] was an attempt to retain as much of slavey as possible.  This... is made clear by the creation of 'Black Codes,' which seem intended to reproduce, within the new limits, a close approximation of the now forbidden master-slave relationship." Daniel A. Novak, Wheel of Servitude 1 (1979).

Special Collections

Law Library Resources

Juneteenth Resources

The 1619 Project

Other Resources

Jim Crow Laws



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