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Systematic Reviews for the Health Sciences: Screen Results

Citation Management Systems

Citation managers help you:

  • Add citation information (including full-text) from library databases, websites, computer files, or manually
  • Automatically create individual citations or entire bibliographies in multiple citation styles
  • Insert in-text citations in your word processor
  • Annotate sources
  • Collaborate with others by sharing sources or citations

Popular Citation Managers


Endnote Basic


Questions about reference managers?

General Result Screening Process

  1. Merge search results from different sources using reference management software​

  2. Remove duplicate records​

  3. Test screening (or pilot screening) a random sample of citations to ensure consistency

  4. Screen titles and abstracts to remove obviously irrelevant reports (blind)

  5. Retrieve full text of remaining​

  6. Test screening (or pilot screening) a random sample of remaining results for inclusion

  7. Evaluate remaining results with inclusion and exclusion criteria (blind), include reasons for exclusion 

Screening Software


Free - Additional Resources

Fee-based subscription

Fee-based subscription - Additional Resources