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Systematic Reviews for the Health Sciences: Critical Appraisal

Critical Appraisal Tools

Risk of Bias Assessment

Can be represented in table format 

Bias can include:

  • Sequence generation ​

  • Allocation concealment ​

  • Blinding of participants and personnel: All outcomes ​

  • Blinding of outcome assessors ​

  • Incomplete outcome data: All outcomes ​

  • Selective outcome reporting ​


Additional Tools